Spanish Grammatical Number

spanish grammatical number

spanish grammatical numberHola a tod@s y bienvenid@s de nuevo a un blog sobre Spanish Grammatical Number. In previous posts we talked about grammatical agreement (feminine or masculine) in nouns. We will look at number agreement between these same words. In this post we are going to explain the grammatical number of nouns. All nouns have singular and plural (although there are always exceptions to this rule).

Spanish grammatical number is a characteristic grammatical property of nouns and other words such as adjectives, determinants, etc. It can be singular (casa) or plural (casas). In the case of nouns (substantives), the number tells us if there are one or more beings.

The singular does not have any special form. However, plurals can vary greatly, although they are generally formed by adding -s or -es to the end of words in the singular form.

There are some general rules for forming plurals:

  • Nouns ending in an unstressed 聽vowels (-a, -e, -i, -o, -u)聽and in -谩, -茅, -贸, form the plural with -s. For example.

La oreja 馃憘聽鈥 las orejas 馃憘馃憘聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 (Accented vowel)聽 聽 El sof聽 馃泲聽鈥 los sof谩s聽 馃泲聽 馃泲

El coche 鈥 los coches.聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽(Accented vowel)聽 聽 El caf 鈥 los caf茅s.

El alioli 鈥 los aliolis

El n煤mero 鈥 los n煤meros.聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 (Accented vowel)聽 聽 聽El domin 鈥 los domin贸s.

El esp铆ritu聽鈥 los esp铆ritus

  • Nouns ending in -铆, -煤, form the plural with -s and -es.

El bistur聽鈥 los bisturs 鈥 los bistures

El igl聽鈥 los igls 鈥 los igles

 

Cuidado!

Excepciones: el聽esqu 鈥 los esqus / el聽men 鈥 los mens / el聽champ 鈥 los champs

  • Nouns ending in consonant are formed with the plural -es. Except for words ending in -as, -es, -is, -os, -us (atones), these words do not change. Words that end in -z, change z> c when they form the plural. For example.

El lim贸n 鈥 los limones聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽El paraguas 鈥 los paraguas

El 谩rbol 鈥 los 谩rboles 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽聽 El lunes 鈥 los lunes

El alud 鈥 los aludes聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽El an谩lisis 鈥 los an谩lisis

La flor 鈥 las flores聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽El rascacielos 鈥 los rascacielos

El pa铆s 鈥 los pa铆ses聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 El virus 鈥 los virus

El franc茅s 鈥 los franceses

La ley 鈥 las leyes聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 El pez 鈥 los peces

  • Proper nouns are rarely used in the plural, but if it鈥檚 necessary to do so, it is done the same way as discussed above with common nouns. In the case of compound nouns, only the second becomes plural. For example.

Hay una Ana en mi clase.聽 聽 聽 聽 聽(compound nouns) Hay una Ana Mar铆a聽en mi clase.

Hay tres Anas en mi clase.聽 聽 聽 聽 聽(compound nouns) Hay tres Ana Mar铆as en mi clase.

Therefore, the words that accompany the nouns must agree with them in number. Plural nouns must be must be accompanied by adjectives and determinants that are also plural. For example.

El coche rojo 鈥 Los coches rojos.

Mi mesa es grande. 鈥 Mis mesas son grandes.

 

I hope you enjoyed this explanation of Spanish grammar. Keep learning more about Spanish and Hispanic culture on this blog.

 

happy day

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