Spanish Grammatical Gender

Spanish Grammatical Gender

grammatical genderHola a tod@s y bienvenid@s de nuevo a un blog sobre Spanish Grammatical Gender. First of all, it is important to know that in Spanish, all nouns have a grammatical gender. This grammatical gender can be feminine or masculine. In other words, all Spanish nouns are feminine or masculine. Of course, there are grammatical rules for differentiating nouns that are masculine from feminine. In this post we are going to know these grammar rules in the easiest way to improve our Spanish quickly.

That said, it is important to be clear that these rules always have exceptions and that these exceptions can complicate us a bit. However, it is also not convenient to obsess over this. Next we will also see the exceptions to the rule to have a more complete knowledge of Spanish grammar.


Female or Male

Knowing how to differentiate them is not always easy and, although it is one of the first things that you learn, for many of you, this topic is a burden that you carry throughout your learning process. Of course, we should not be obsessed with this, since there are some points that we can know and that will serve as a basis for mastering this topic. To differentiate feminine from masculine nouns, we will write in front of them the article that corresponds to each gender el (masculine), la (feminine).

First of all, we must know that the names that refer to people and animals have two genders (female and male).

  • In most cases, to change gender, we have to change the last letter ao.

el gatola gata聽聽聽聽 / 聽聽聽聽el hermanola hermana聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽[the cat – the cat聽 聽 /聽 聽the brother – the sister]

  • Sometimes they have different words:

el caballo 鈥 la yegua 聽聽聽聽/聽聽聽聽 el padre 鈥 la madre聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 [the horse – the mare聽 聽 /聽 聽 the father – the mother]

  • Some animal names are female or male.

el rat贸n (macho / hembra)聽 聽聽聽/聽聽聽聽 la jirafa (macho / hembra)聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽

[the mouse (male / female)聽 聽/聽 聽the giraffe (male / female)]

  • And some words that designate professions are common in terms of gender. In other words, this means that they are used equally for men and women.

el polic铆a 鈥撀 la polic铆a聽聽聽 聽/ 聽聽聽聽el cantante 鈥 la cantante

[the police – the police聽 聽/聽 聽the singer – the singer]

Attention!!聽 聽We must differentiate between commons in gender nouns and only male or female.

Only male or female nouns.

La jirafa macho es m谩s peligrosa que la jirafa hembra聽 聽

[The male giraffe is more dangerous than the female giraffe.]

Commons in gender nouns.

La polic铆a se llama Ana 聽聽聽聽/ 聽聽聽聽El polic铆a se llama Juan聽 聽 聽 聽

[The police officer’s name is Ana聽 聽 /聽 聽 The police officer’s name is Juan]


Feminine nouns

  • Ending in –a, –tad, –dad, –ci贸n, –si贸n.

la casa / la libertad / la ciudad / la habitaci贸n / la pensi贸n

[the house / the freedom / the city / the room / the pension]

  • Nombres de letras, horas.

b> la be聽 /聽 j> la jota聽 /聽 la una y media聽 /聽 las siete y media聽 聽[b> the be聽 /聽 j> the jei聽 /聽 half past one聽 /聽 half past seven]

  • Ending in –e.

la noche / la tarde / la leche / la calle聽 聽 聽 聽[the night / the afternoon / the milk / the street]

Attention!!聽For phonetic reasons, when a feminine noun starts with a sound 芦a禄 (a-, ha-), we write the singular masculine article 芦el禄 before this word. However, in plural we write the feminine plural article 芦las芦.

el 谩guila – las 谩guilas聽 /聽 el hacha – las hachas聽 聽 聽 [the eagle – the eagles聽 /聽 the ax – the axes]


la mano / la foto / la radio / la moto聽 聽 聽[the hand / the photo / the radio / the motorcycle]


Masculine nouns

  • Ending in –o, consonante.

el oso / el cami贸n / el trabajo / el l谩piz / el piano / el ordenador

[the聽 bear / the聽 truck / the work / the pencil / the piano / the computer]

  • Ending in –e.

el cine / el coche / el aceite / el estuche / el chicle

[the聽 cinema / the聽 car / the oil / the case / the gum]

  • Days of the week, numbers, colors, months, compound words.

el lunes, el martes鈥 / el paraguas (para-aguas) / el rojo, el verde鈥 / *el agosto

[Monday, Tuesday … / the umbrella / red, green … / * August]

*Attention!! Please note that months are not normally used with articles. Only the months with article are written when next we are going to specify something.

Mi cumplea帽os es en聽 el agosto / El agosto que viene es mi cumplea帽os

[My birthday is in August聽 /聽 Next August is my birthday]


el d铆a / el idioma / el mapa聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽[the day / the language / the map]


I hope you enjoyed this explanation of Spanish grammar. Keep learning more about Spanish and Hispanic culture on this blog.


happy day

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