Hola a [email protected] y [email protected] de nuevo a un blog sobre Spanish Present of indicative, Regular verbs. As we all know, Spanish grammar is very rich and complex at the same time. On the one hand, it is extremely interesting to acquire new knowledge of Spanish. However, sometimes it is difficult not to get frustrated during the learning process. Verbs in Spanish are certainly complex. First, there are three verb conjugations. In other words, there are three large groups of verbs. These three main groups are the verbs that end in –ar, –er or –ir. Depending on the verb ending (this is also called the verb conjugation), this verb will change its form at different verb tenses.
First conjugation. Verbs ending in –ar
For example: Activar, Comunicar, Honrar, Adaptar, Conectar, Ilusionar, Adecuar, Confirmar, Imitar, Adelgazar, Congelar, Indagar, Adivinar, Conquistar, Jaquear, Afinar, Contestar, Jugar, Afirmar, Copiar, Jurar, Agregar, Cortar, …
[Activate, Communicate, Honor, Adapt, Connect, Illusion, Adept, Confirm, Imitate, Slim, Freeze, Inquire, Guess, Conquer, Check, Refine, Play, Affirm, Copy, Swear, Add, Cut, …]
Second conjugation. Verbs ending in –er
For example: Acoger, Fortalecer, Querer, Acceder, Guarnecer, Recaer, Agradecer, Haber, Recoger, Beber, Hacer, Reconocer, Barrer, Imponer, Saber, Caber, Interceder, Someter, Caer, Lamer, Sorprender, Ceder, Leer, …
[Accept, Strengthen, Want, Access, Garnish, Fall, Thank, Have, Collect, Drink, Make, Recognize, Sweep, Impose, Know, Fit, Intercede, Submit, Fall, Lick, Surprise, Give, Read, …]
Third conjugation. Verbs ending in –ir
For example: Adquirir, Dividir, Pedir, Aplaudir, Dormir, Predecir, Asir, Elegir, Preferir, Batir, Erguir, Presumir, Bendecir, Escabullir, Producir, Ceñir, Escribir, Pudrir, Combatir, Exigir, Recibir, Competir, Extinguir, Relucir, Concluir, …
[Acquire, Divide, Request, Applaud, Sleep, Predict, Grab, Choose, Prefer, Beat, Erect, Presume, Bless, Sneak, Produce, Gird, Write, Rot, Combat, Demand, Receive, Compete, Extinguish, Shine, Conclude, …]
Spanish Present of indicative. Regular verbs.
Attention!! It is very important that you know that in Spanish there are regular and irregular verbs. In this post we are going to talk about the present indicative of regular verbs. The topic of irregular verbs is explained in depth in other posts.
To conjugate regular verbs in Spanish, we must change the last two letters of the verb in infinitive (–ar, –er or –ir), for the corresponding ending of the verb tense that we are doing. It is also important to know that in Spanish, each grammatical person has their own verbal form.
Below we see a table with an example of each conjugation (–ar, –er or –ir). Irregular verbs have other types of variations.
≈ The second person plural, you (vosotros / vosotras) always has an accent (´).
Vosotros amáis, peináis, pensáis, partís, teméis, etc.
≈Usted / Ustedes: these are the polite and formal forms of the second person (tú / vosotros / vosotras). Their meaning is second person, but they use the third person verb form.
Tú hablas español muy bien. (Second person singular. Informal) [You speak spanish very well]
Usted habla español muy bien. (Second person singular. Formal) [You speak spanish very well]
Vosotros / Vosotras habláis español muy bien. (Second person plural. Informal) [You speak spanish very well]
Ustedes hablan español muy bien. (Second person plural. Formal) [You speak spanish very well]
Uses of this verb tense
Each verb tense has specific uses. Sometimes these uses are too broad to learn in one session. For this reason, Spanish teachers teach them in several sessions. Next we will see the main uses.
Pedir y dar información sobre el presente.
– ¿Dónde trabajas? – Ahora trabajo en una academia. [– Where do you work? – Now I work in an academy.]
– ¿Qué hora es? – Son las tres y media. [- What time is it? – It’s half past three.]
Hablar de rutinas.
– Los martes juego al tenis. [– I play tennis on Tuesdays.]
– Nunca trabajo el fin de semana. [- I never work on weekend.]
Hablar sobre verdades universales.
– El Sol sale por el Este. [- The sun rises from the east.]
– Un cuadrado tiene cuatro lados. [- A square has four sides.]
Acciones futuras (acompañadas de una expresión temporal)
– Juan y yo cenamos juntos el próximo viernes. [- Juan and I have dinner together next Friday.]
– El tren sale a las siete de la tarde. [- The train leaves at seven in the afternoon.]
– En el año 1492 Colón descubre América. [- In the year 1492 Columbus discovers America.]
– La Primera Guerra Mundial termina en el año 1918. [- The First World War ends in 1918.]
I hope you enjoyed this explanation of Spanish grammar. Keep learning more about Spanish and Hispanic culture on this blog.