Spanish Present of indicative. Regular verbs.

Present of indicative. Regular verbs

Spanish Present of indicative. Regular verbsHola a tod@s y bienvenid@s de nuevo a un blog sobre Spanish Present of indicative, Regular verbs. As we all know, Spanish grammar is very rich and complex at the same time. On the one hand, it is extremely interesting to acquire new knowledge of Spanish. However, sometimes it is difficult not to get frustrated during the learning process. Verbs in Spanish are certainly complex. First, there are three verb conjugations. In other words, there are three large groups of verbs. These three main groups are the verbs that end in ar, er or ir. Depending on the verb ending (this is also called the verb conjugation), this verb will change its form at different verb tenses.

First conjugation. Verbs ending in –ar

For example: Activar, Comunicar, Honrar, Adaptar, Conectar, Ilusionar, Adecuar, Confirmar, Imitar, Adelgazar, Congelar, Indagar, Adivinar, Conquistar, Jaquear, Afinar, Contestar, Jugar, Afirmar, Copiar, Jurar, Agregar, Cortar,聽…

[Activate, Communicate, Honor, Adapt, Connect, Illusion, Adept, Confirm, Imitate, Slim, Freeze, Inquire, Guess, Conquer, Check, Refine, Play, Affirm, Copy, Swear, Add, Cut, …]

Second conjugation. Verbs ending in –er

For example: Acoger, Fortalecer, Querer, Acceder, Guarnecer, Recaer, Agradecer, Haber, Recoger, Beber, Hacer, Reconocer, Barrer, Imponer, Saber, Caber, Interceder, Someter, Caer, Lamer, Sorprender, Ceder, Leer,聽

[Accept, Strengthen, Want, Access, Garnish, Fall, Thank, Have, Collect, Drink, Make, Recognize, Sweep, Impose, Know, Fit, Intercede, Submit, Fall, Lick, Surprise, Give, Read, …]

Third conjugation. Verbs ending in –ir

For example: Adquirir, Dividir, Pedir, Aplaudir, Dormir, Predecir, Asir, Elegir, Preferir, Batir, Erguir, Presumir, Bendecir, Escabullir, Producir, Ce帽ir, Escribir, Pudrir, Combatir, Exigir, Recibir, Competir, Extinguir, Relucir, Concluir,聽
[Acquire, Divide, Request, Applaud, Sleep, Predict, Grab, Choose, Prefer, Beat, Erect, Presume, Bless, Sneak, Produce, Gird, Write, Rot, Combat, Demand, Receive, Compete, Extinguish, Shine, Conclude, …]

 

Spanish Present of indicative. Regular verbs.

Attention!! It is very important that you know that in Spanish there are regular and irregular verbs. In this post we are going to talk about the present indicative of regular verbs. The topic of irregular verbs is explained in depth in other posts.

To conjugate regular verbs in Spanish, we must change the last two letters of the verb in infinitive (ar, er or ir), for the corresponding ending of the verb tense that we are doing. It is also important to know that in Spanish, each grammatical person has their own verbal form.

Below we see a table with an example of each conjugation (ar, er or ir). Irregular verbs have other types of variations.

 

Advices!!

聽The second person plural, you (vosotros / vosotras) always has an accent ().

Vosotros amis, peinis, pensis, parts, temis, etc.

 

Usted / Ustedes: these are the polite and formal forms of the second person (t煤 / vosotros / vosotras). Their meaning is second person, but they use the third person verb form.

For example.聽

T煤 hablas espa帽ol muy bien. (Second person singular. Informal)聽[You speak spanish very well]

Usted habla espa帽ol muy bien. (Second person singular. Formal)聽 [You speak spanish very well]

Vosotros / Vosotras habl谩is espa帽ol muy bien. (Second person plural. Informal)聽 聽[You speak spanish very well]

Ustedes hablan espa帽ol muy bien. (Second person plural. Formal)聽 [You speak spanish very well]

 

Uses of this verb tense

Each verb tense has specific uses. Sometimes these uses are too broad to learn in one session. For this reason, Spanish teachers teach them in several sessions. Next we will see the main uses.

Pedir y dar informaci贸n sobre el presente.

驴D贸nde trabajas?聽 聽– Ahora trabajo en una academia.聽 聽 [– Where do you work?聽 聽 聽 – Now I work in an academy.]

– 驴Qu茅 hora es?聽 聽 聽聽 Son las tres y media.聽 聽 [- What time is it?聽 聽 聽 聽 – It’s half past three.]

Hablar de rutinas.

– Los martes juego al tenis.聽 聽[– I play tennis on Tuesdays.]

– Nunca trabajo el fin de semana.聽 [- I never work on weekend.]

Hablar sobre verdades universales.

– El Sol sale por el Este.聽 聽[- The sun rises from the east.]

– Un cuadrado tiene cuatro lados.聽 聽[- A square has four sides.]

Acciones futuras (acompa帽adas de una expresi贸n temporal)

– Juan y yo cenamos juntos el pr贸ximo viernes.聽 [- Juan and I have dinner together next Friday.]

El tren sale a las siete de la tarde.聽 [- The train leaves at seven in the afternoon.]

Presente hist贸rico

– En el a帽o 1492 Col贸n descubre Am茅rica.聽 聽 [- In the year 1492 Columbus discovers America.]

La Primera Guerra Mundial termina en el a帽o 1918.聽 聽[- The First World War ends in 1918.]

 

I hope you enjoyed this explanation of Spanish grammar. Keep learning more about Spanish and Hispanic culture on this blog.

 

happy day

 

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